Knee Pain

Knee pain can occur as a result of many different precipitating factors. There are several types of knee injuries.



The most common type of vertigo is called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and is appreciated by a feeling that your world is spinning or moving.  It occurs with sudden head motions, usually rolling in bed or change in position.  Other forms of vertigo can be associated with horizontal motions.  The anatomy of the inner ear and the specific areas affected will impact the type of vertigo and associated head eye movements that can precipitate and cause the attack.


  • Symptoms are associated with the anatomical area affected
  • Abnormal eye movements
  • Appreciation of the room spinning
  • Duration minutes to hours, days to weeks
  • Constant or associated with certain head movements
  • Hearing loss or tinnitus
  • Visual disturbances, nystagmus


  • Assessment of the balance system: sensorimotor, visual, and vestibular
  • Specific eye exercises
  • Specific head motions
  • Sensory integration
  • Maneuvers specific to vertigo etiology
  • Home exercise program

Knee Pain


Knee pain can occur as a result of many different precipitating factors. There are several types of knee injuries.


Inflammation of the cartilage, associated with degenerative changes or wearing out of the joint. Pain, stiffness and deformities occur and may interfere with walking, negotiating stairs, prolonged standing or sitting and transitions.


Inflammation of the bursa, a fluid filled sac that protects the joint by reducing friction between the soft tissues and underlying bone.


Irritation of the cartilage on the undersurface of the patella. This condition is associated with pain under the knee cap with walking and exacerbated when negotiating stairs.


Sprain or over stretching of the structures supporting the knee joint. Pain and swelling around the knee joint and a feeling of buckling often are reported. There are several degrees of injury.


Tear in the crescent shaped cartilage of the knee joint. A tear can occur when the knee is twisted during a traumatic injury or can occur insidiously from normal degeneration and aging. There are several degrees of injury.


Inflammation of the tendons around the knee joint. The most common, patella tendonitis, is associated with pain in the front of the knee.


Advantage Physical Therapy can help you recover from a knee injury. The initial phase consists of decreasing pain and swelling, and increasing range of motion. The next step is strength training and balance exercises. The treatment my include the following:

Modalities may be used to reduce pain and swelling, muscle spasm and improve circulation.

Manual Therapy Techniques which are specialized, hands-on techniques performed by your therapist will help to reduce pain, relax muscles, increase range of motion and improve circulation.

A specific exercise program will be designed and revised during the course of your rehabilitation. It will be designed to target strengthening of key muscles to improve the stability and flexibility of your knee and protect your knee from further injury. The goal of rehab is to restore you to optimum function and return you to a pain-free work and leisure activities.