General Information

The most common type of vertigo is called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and is appreciated by a feeling that your world is spinning or moving.  It occurs with sudden head motions, usually rolling in bed or change in position.  Other forms of vertigo can be associated with horizontal motions.  The anatomy of the inner ear and the specific areas affected will impact the type of vertigo and associated head eye movements that can precipitate and cause the attack.


Symptoms of Vertigo

  • Symptoms are associated with the anatomical area affected
  • Abnormal eye movements
  • Appreciation of the room spinning
  • Duration minutes to hours, days to weeks
  • Constant or associated with certain head movements
  • Hearing loss or tinnitus
  • Visual disturbances, nystagmus



  • Assessment of the balance system: sensorimotor, visual, and vestibular 
  • Specific eye exercises 
  • Specific head motions
  • Sensory integration
  • Maneuvers specific to vertigo etiology
  • Home exercise program