Knee pain can occur as a result of many different precipitating factors. There are several types of knee injuries.
Inflammation of the cartilage, associated with degenerative changes or wearing out of the joint. Pain, stiffness and deformities occur and may interfere with walking, negotiating stairs, prolonged standing or sitting and transitions.
Inflammation of the bursa, a fluid filled sac that protects the joint by reducing friction between the soft tissues and underlying bone.
Irritation of the cartilage on the undersurface of the patella. This condition is associated with pain under the knee cap with walking and exacerbated when negotiating stairs.
Sprain or over stretching of the structures supporting the knee joint. Pain and swelling around the knee joint and a feeling of buckling often are reported. There are several degrees of injury.
Tear in the crescent shaped cartilage of the knee joint. A tear can occur when the knee is twisted during a traumatic injury or can occur insidiously from normal degeneration and aging. There are several degrees of injury.
Inflammation of the tendons around the knee joint. The most common, patella tendonitis, is associated with pain in the front of the knee.
Advantage Physical Therapy can help you recover from a knee injury. The initial phase consists of decreasing pain and swelling, and increasing range of motion. The next step is strength training and balance exercises. The treatment my include the following:
Modalities may be used to reduce pain and swelling, muscle spasm and improve circulation.
Manual Therapy Techniques which are specialized, hands-on techniques performed by your therapist will help to reduce pain, relax muscles, increase range of motion and improve circulation.
A specific exercise program will be designed and revised during the course of your rehabilitation. It will be designed to target strengthening of key muscles to improve the stability and flexibility of your knee and protect your knee from further injury. The goal of rehab is to restore you to optimum function and return you to a pain-free work and leisure activities.